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Unity and Gestalt

The Gestalt Principles

Gestalt is a psychology term which means “unified whole”. It refers to theories of visual perception developed by German psychologists in the 1920s. These theories attempt to describe how people tend to organize visual elements into groups or unified wholes when certain principles are applied. These principles are:

Similarity

Similarity occurs when objects look similar to one another. People often perceive them as a group or pattern.

When similarity occurs, an object can be emphasised if it is dissimilar to the others. This is called anomally.

Continuation

Continuation occurs when the eye is compelled to move through one object and continue to another object.

Closure

Closure occurs when an object is incomplete or a space is not completely enclosed. If enough of the shape is indicated, people percieve the whole by filling in the missing infomation.

Proximity

Proximity occurs when elements are placed close together. They tend to be perceived as a group.

No proximity…(seperate)


Close proximity….. (together)

Figure and Ground

The eye differentiates an object form its surrounding area. a form, silhouette, or shape is naturrally perceived as figure (object), while the surrounding area is perceived as ground (background).

Balancing figure and ground can make the perceived image more clear. Using unusual figure/ground relationships can add interest and sublety to an image.

Most of the information on this blog post was taken from here.

Not much was done in the labs today :P.

Also this we we had the photo soc exhibition….. heres some of my fave photo’s from the day  😀


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D5000

woooooo! got a D5000 for my bday ❤

Nikon D5000

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IMMA FEILD TRIP

Aaron give use MOVVVEEEMENT!!!!!!

Aaron give use MOVVVEEEMENT!!!!!!

On friday last the class and I took a trip to the Irish Museum of Modern Art. We were asked by Niamh to update our blogs detailing our experience at IMMA, and also we were given a photography assignment by Stephen (cool guys). It was a day filled with joy and laughter :D.

I started of in Traces,  Traces celebrates the IMMA Limited Editions Series, introduced by the Museum in 2003. The exhibition includes a variety of print works by Irish and international artists. Various printmaking and editioning processes are exhibited which include screen-prints, etchings, lithographs and cibachrome prints. I thought the pieces in this part of the museum were really unusual, they were all very interesting . It was over here were i saw this……..

Fred Tomaselli, Untitled, 2004

Fred Tomaselli

Quick Sketch


Click here to view the original image.
Some more useful links, here, here and here.

  • Digital Inkjet print on 100% rag acid free paper 246×16cm
  • Donated by the artist in 2005
  • Edition of 100 signed and numbered

Colourful star-like forms create ecstatic explosions of colour in this digital print. Based on concepts of mapping and the idea of finding one’s place in the world.

I think the concept of mapping really worked in this piece, his use of bold, contrasting colours really made it stand ot from the rest. Colours like red, blue, green and yellow, made the print pop out against its black background. The star-like forms all connect with each other at some point with points/dots and lines, drawing your eye to the top left corner were the main mass of pattern is. The image itself doesn’t have much texture, the is no shading or tone making the image look 2D/flat.

“Tomaselli is a New York based painter, born in Santa Monica, California, in 1956. Drawing on influences from Indian miniatures to punk rock. They are characterised by the use of unorthodox materials, such as over-the-counter medicines, prescription pills, herbal remedies and psychoactive plants,cosmos.”

Another piece from the same collection of artwork i had a look at was………

Alex Katz, Untitled, 2007

Alex Katz

Quick Sketch

Click here to view the original image.
Some useful links,here, here, and here.

  • Silkscreen 131×95cm
  • Edition of 25 signed and numbered
  • Donated by the artist in 2007
This large-scale print is one of the artist celebrated portrait works.I feel the blue in this image mixed with the curved lines makes the face look a bit sad. The slanted lines of the eyes also made it look sad, he doesn’t smile and doesn’t seem to be looking at anything in particular. This is another 2D piece with no texture, tone or shading. The image was made with just two colours blue and silver. Overall line and colour are the only 2 types of visual language used. “Alex Katz an American figural artist associated with the pop art movement, born in New York in 1927, his work has been the subject of nearly 200 solo exhibitions internationally since he first exhibited in 1954.”

So of i went to Alan Phelan………..

“Fragile Absolutes presents 16 new and recent works inspired by Irish artist Alan Phelan’s ongoing engagement with political history, cultural theory, popular culture, masculinity and modified cars.”

Mosquito Man Arthur, 2007

Mosquito Man Arthur

Quick Sketch


Click here to view the original.
Some useful links here , here and here

Fragile Absolute #6

  • archival paper, toner, Eva glue, balso wood, cocktail sticks, aluminium, plaster, metal, plastic
  • 82×80×80cm
  • paper mache made from articles from the daily telegraph
  • based on Arthur Griffith

This was one of my favourite piece that i saw in the IMMA. Generally i felt the 3D sculptures were a bit more interesting. This piece caught my eye straight away, as it was very well done and very different from anything else i saw. This piece is based on Arthur Griffith, a propaganda officer for the IRA (more info on Arther can be found here). The idea of Arthur Griffiths head on a mosquitos body was because, he published a paper which the British called ‘the Mosquito Press’, this worked really well with its body being made up of newspaper clippings. By using newspaper he was able to give texture creating tone. Sharp lines gave it an edgier look, the spikes on the antennas. There wasn’t much colour used in this, but i dont think much  colour was needed.

I’m glad we had the oppertunity to leave the classroom for a change, it really was a nice way to get to know each other a lil better before our mid-term. It also helps getting a change of scenery once in a while. It was interesting to see how art has evolved over the years. I thought some of them were very interesting. I really enjoyed the children’s hospital section it was really creepy, you got an ery feeling as soon as you heard the old music seeping through the rooms. Click here and here for some links. O by the way the coffee  shop was a rip off!!!!!

For our digital photography assignment we were given Nikon D-SLR camera, and a list of objectives to be achieved , like a photo with diagonal lines, curved lines, complimentary colours, movement, blur…… HOWEVER! there wasn’t enough cameras to go around so me and a couple of other people had to make do with our own little smelly cameras :P. Therefore we were not able to complete the task properly as we needed aperture, shutter, and iso settings which we did not have :(.  Aww well sure we still got the idea. Heres some photos i took myself…………….. 😀

Naomi and the Ball

Naomi and the Ball

The lone snowman

The lone snowman

Complimentary colours

Complimentary colours

Beauty and the Beast

Beauty and the Beast

Curvy

Curvy

So thats about it from me this week

Until we meet again………..

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